About Saint Wenceslaus Duke of Bohemia
|Saint Wenceslaus, also spelled, Saint Wenceslas was the Duke of Bohemia. He lived from 907 to 935. His father was Duke Vratislav I, who was a Christian and his mother was Drahomira, the daughter of a pagan chieftain. She was baptized a Christian when she married Saint Wenceslaus’ father. Saint Wenceslaus was named the patron saint of Bohemia, Czech Republic, and Prague.
Saint Wenceslaus Raised a Christian
When Saint Wenceslaus was thirteen years old, his father died and his grandmother took care of him. She was Saint Ludmila and she taught Saint Wenceslaus the Christian faith. His mother, Drahomira, tried to convert Saint Wencelaus to paganism but failed.
Saint Wenceslaus Named Duke of Bohemia
Saint Wenceslaus became the Duke of Bohemia in 924. He was eighteen years old. At that time, he had his mother exiled. Even at his young age, Saint Wenceslaus defeated Radslav, the Duke of Kourim.
||Saint Wenceslaus founded the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague which still exists today. Many Catholics make pilgrimages to the St. Vitus Cathedral and wear a Saint Wenceslaus medal or a Saint Wenceslaus pendant to honor the founder of the cathedral at Prague Castle.
Saint Wenceslaus Defeated
Henry I of Fowler and Arnulf of Bavaria combined their forces and attacked Prague in 929. Saint Wenceslaus was defeated and had to pledge loyalty to his attackers.
Saint Wenceslaus’ Death
The younger brother of Saint Wenceslaus and a number of nobles formed a plan to assassinate Saint Wenceslaus. They asked him to celebrate the feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian with them. When Saint Wenceslaus was on his way to the feast, he was murdered. His brother succeeded him on the throne.
Saint Wenceslaus Canonized
Saint Wenceslaus was canonized as a martyr and several miracles were attributed to him after his death. The feast of Saint Wenceslaus is September 28. This date is celebrated as a Catholic feast day and a public holiday in the Czech Republic.