When Saint Louis was twenty years old, he married Marguerite of Provence. Her sister was married to Henry III of England.
Saint Louis Fought in the Crusades
Saint Louis fought in two crusades, the Seventh Crusade in 1248 and the Eighth Crusade in 1270. He was also revered for his kindness and charity toward the needy.
Saint Louis Captured
Saint Louis was captured by the Egyptians on April 6, 1250 when he lost the Battle of Fariskur. He was released when a ransom of 400,000 livres toumois was paid. The Templars loaned the money to the king for his release.
After Saint Louis was released, he went to the crusader Kingdoms of Acre, Caesarea, and Jaffe. He assisted the crusaders in building up their armies and meeting with diplomacy with Syria and Egypt who were Islamic. Saint Louis also erected a garrison to protect the French in the Middle East from Islamic attacks.
Saint Louis Christian Prince
Saint Louis was a devout Catholic and was seen as a Christian prince. He built the Sainte-Chapelle in the royal palace located in Paris. Saint Louis bought relics of the True Cross of Jesus Christ to place in the shrine.
Saint Louis considered himself to be a “lieutenant of God on Earth”. He himself led two crusades, although they were a failure. Throughout his reign, Saint Louis tried to be the protector of the Church.