Saint Edwin of Northumbria
Saint Edwin was the firstbborn son of King AElle of Deira in 586 A.D. The Old English version of his name is Eadwine and he is also referred to as Aduini. Saint Edwin ruled as the King of Northumbria, which was known as Deira and Bernicia during his lifetime. His reign lasted from 616 to 633 and in the year 627, Saint Edwin converted to Christianity.
Saint Edwin in Exile
When Saint Edwin’s father died, AEthelfrith became the successor to the throne. The young Saint Edwin went into exile and sought sanctuary in Gwynedd. King Cadfan ap lago cared for Edwin. In 610, Saint Edwin married, Cwenburyg, the daughter of King Cearl of Mercia.
Saint Edwin Named King of Northumbria
King Raedwald killed King AEthelfrith in 616 when AEthelfrith asked him to kill Edwin. Saint Edwin became the King of Northumbria upon AEthelfrith’s death. As king, Saint Edwin expanded England to the west into the Irish Sea. The wars for expansion continued throughout Saint Edwin’s reign from Humber, Mersey, the Southern Uplands, and Cheviots and he became known as the overlord of all Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.
Saint Edwin Converts to Christianity
Saint Edwin’s abandoned his first wife and married Princess Ethelburga, the sister of King Edbald of Kent. She was a Christian and when their daughter was born, she was baptized a Christian, as well. Saint Edwin decided to convert to Christianity and on Easter of 627, he was baptized in York. Saint Edwin’s baptism took place at St. Peter’s Church.
Saint Edwin Killed
After 17 years as King of Northumbria, Saint Edwin met Cadwallon from Wales in battle at Hatfield Chase. On October 12, 633m Saint Edwin was killed in this battle and King Cadwallon went on to decimate Edwin’s lands. St. Edwin was buried at the Royal Abbey of Whitby and is venerated as a martyr. His name is etched with other British martyrs on the wall of the Venerabile in Rome. The feast of Saint Edwin is celebrated on October 12.
Saint Edwin Patron Saint
Patron Saint Edwin was named the patron of the homeless, converts, hoboes, kings, and parents of large families. Many Christians of large families wear a St. Edwin medal to pray for his intercession in keeping their families safe.
Many Christians also give a Saint Edwin pendant as a give to homeless people, giving them strength and hoping for St. Edwin’s intersession in giving aid to the homeless.